|| The Amazon flora
The forests contain trees of all types, such as: Itahuba, Caricari, Tajibos, Cedar, rust-coloured Cuta, Almandrillo and others. 50% of the woods are exotic.
Wild flowers of incredible beauty and colors can be found throughout the zone, from the rivers to the forest.
Medicinal plants exist and are used to cure ailments such as: ulcers, asthma, blood disorders, appendicitis, cardiac diseases, respiratory problems, snake bites, digestive problems and others.
On some lagoons we can appreciate a variety of the Queen Victoria lilies, which can measure up to 2 meters in diameter – the largest in the world
The animal kingdom
The fauna makes up 80% of the diversity in the world according to some scientists.
A total of 643 species has been identified each with a family of their own: 326 birds, 185 fish, 67 mammals, 37 amphibians and 28 reptiles.
- (Panthera onca) jaguar
- (Felis yagouaroundi) jaguarundi
- (Felis pardalis) ocelot
- (Felis wiedii) margay
- (Felis species) panther
- (concolor Felis) cougar
- (Cyclopes didactylus) silky anteater
- (Mymecophaga tridáctyla) bear flag
- (Tamandua tetradáctila) anteater
- (mazama guasoubira) roe-deer
- (mazama American) guazo small roe-deer
- (blastocerus dichotomus) marsh deer
Monkeys (Cebubus aplla)
- (Ateles paniscus) black spider monkey
- (Aotus chance) owl monkey
- (Alouatta caraya) howler monkey
- (Saimiri sciureus) squirrel monkey
Bolivia ranks number seven for its diversity of birds. According to the scientist Pottes (1991) the following species and many more can be found.
- Partridge - 5 species
- Cormorant - 1 species
- Herons - 11 species
- Birds of prey - 40 species
- Turkey hens 5 species
- Ducks 13 species
- Parrots 21 species
- Ostrich 1 species
- Toucan 4 species
On the river
You will see many birds, animals, reptiles, and amphibians such as:
The Amazon river dolphins, Inia geoffrensis, which are grey or pink depending on their age. They grow up to 2.4m and weigh up to 150 kg. Hundreds of teeth in their slim, long jaw help them to feed on over 50 species of fish and crabs along the riverbanks. Their snout is covered with small hairs.
The capihuara, Hudrochoerus hydrochaeris, the world’s largest rodent, stands at between 0.5 and 0.65cm, measures between 1 and 1.5m and weighs 50kg. It lives on the riverbanks and is a good swimmer.
Anacondas live in holes, lakes, lagoons, rivers and streams only coming out once a month to eat. This photo shows an anaconda measuring 9m caught by a local hunter. This reptile went into the village and posed a threat to the children who always play at the river’s edge.
Male crocodiles measure up to 2m and the females measure 1 m. They are brown in colour.
Alligators are longer and can measure up to 5 or 6m. Their belly is white and the rest of their body green.
There are a large variety of iguanas and chameleons.
Reptiles live on the ground, in the water and in the trees. There are flying snakes in the jungle with round bodies and a flat belly that undulates to allow them to glide through the air from branch to branch.
There is a huge variety of reptiles from a few centimetres to a few metres long. They are usually harmless and escape when they see a human. However, if you annoy them, touch them or step on them they will become aggressive and defend themselves and bite.
If you accidentally step on a lancehead or rattlesnake we have the antidote in the fridge at the resort. These are two of the poisonous varieties that we see in this region. All of the reptiles around us are difficult to find.
An american study found 2500 fish varieties in the Amazon.